Choosing the Right Medication for Anxiety Treatment
Anxiety disorders come in various types and intensities, making it challenging to determine the best medication for treatment. However, a combination of medication, exercise, and psychotherapy is commonly used to effectively address anxiety. The specific elements and their degrees of implementation may vary for each individual.
Medication Approaches for Anxiety Treatment
When it comes to medication, there are several options available for treating anxiety. These include:
Antidepressants are commonly used to treat anxiety disorders, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs work by targeting neurotransmitters that regulate mood, making them effective for anxiety treatment. There are two classes of antidepressants used for anxiety:
SNRIs (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)
SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
– Sertraline (Zoloft)
– Citalopram (Celexa)
– Fluoxetine (Sarafem, Prozac)
– Escitalopram (Lexapro)
– Paroxetine (Paxil, Brisdelle)
Side effects of SNRIs and SSRIs may include nausea, nervousness or restlessness, dizziness, reduced sexual desire, drowsiness, insomnia, weight gain or loss, headache, dry mouth, vomiting, and diarrhea. Other antidepressants such as Bupropion may also be used for anxiety treatment.
Remember to allow SSRIs approximately 4-6 weeks to take effect and follow dosage instructions and dietary guidelines for optimal results. If a prescribed medication does not work effectively, consult your doctor for a possible change.
Benzodiazepines are another class of medications used to treat anxiety. They work by increasing the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain, providing a calming effect. Benzodiazepines are typically prescribed for panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Commonly used benzodiazepines include Clonazepam, Alprazolam, Diazepam, and Lorazepam.
Side effects of benzodiazepines may include drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, headache, confusion, tiredness or fatigue, and nightmares. It is important to note that benzodiazepines are addictive and should only be used for short durations (less than a month) under the guidance of a doctor. Gradually reducing the dosage is recommended to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Other Anti-Anxiety Medications
Buspirone is a medication often prescribed alongside antidepressants to treat generalized anxiety disorder. Side effects may include dizziness, headaches, nausea, nervousness, light-headedness, and trouble sleeping.
Beta blockers, typically used for heart conditions, can also be utilized to treat anxiety-related symptoms such as irregular heartbeat or high blood pressure. They are commonly prescribed for panic disorders or phobias to alleviate feelings of high-pressure situations. It is important to note that beta blockers should not be used on a long-term basis and are only recommended for urgent situations.
Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine that can be used to treat anxiety by reducing the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. Unlike benzodiazepines, antihistamines are not habit-forming and act quickly.
It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and prescription before using any anti-anxiety medications. Authentic medications can be purchased from reliable online drug stores such as PainMeds365.